Visiting Rieti is an experience that lead every tourist on a magnificent journey through time and history. The wonder of the historic town centre, enclosed in its wonderfully and perfectly preserved medieval walls, opens up before our eyes through so many doors that tell us about the evolution of our city, a jewel that sparkles in its own reflection.

Along the circuit of the medieval walls, which alternated the embankment with wall sections that are still fragmentarily visible in later buildings that have reused the materials, the Porta Quintia or Cintia opened to the west, the Porta Interocrina or Carana to the east, the Porta Romana to the south, on the city access viaduct.

During the High Middle Ages, Porta San Giovanni was opened in the northern side, along Via Pennina. The toponyms of Porta Cintia and Porta Romana followed the urban development, as they underlined, during the subsequent enlargement interventions, the new access gates to the city, one going up north, while the other, built extra pontem in 1586, included also the Borgo District. The current exedra, which isolates the door making it similar to a triumphal arch, dates back to the interventions of urban planning carried out by the architect Bazzani in the first decades of the twentieth century. The medieval circuit of the walls developed from the mid-13th century along the northern axis, extending the ramparts from east to west until it rejoined the course of the Velino river, that together with the artificial stretch of the Cavatella river, was a valid natural defense.

The ancient medieval documents preserve the names of various access gates to the city, which disappeared over the centuries. Starting from the south, along the course of the Cavatella, in addition to the still existing Porta Romana, there were Porta Sant’Antonio and Porta Arringo or Aringo. Then there were Porta di Ponte, in correspondence with the tower of the Cassero, demolished in 1883, and to the east, near the Porta d’Arce, it was possible to access the city through Porta Cordale, Porta San Benedetto and Porta San Leonardo. Still, the long northern side was marked by the Porta Leporaria and, after Porta Cintia, to the west, by Porta Sant’Agnese, called otherwise Porta Santi Apostoli. The northern side of the walls was also characterized by a charcoal pit on the inside, and by a bulwark on the outside. Along its ancient line now runs the tree-lined streets that serve as ring roads to the city.

With the passing of time, only a few access doors kept their primary importance, due to the fact that they were on the roads of greatest transit and strategic interest: Porta Romana, along the road connecting with Rome, Porta d’Arce, since it opened near the borders with the Kingdom of Naples, Porta Cintia, since it representend the access to the Umbrian cities.